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Sri Lankan literature spans at least two millennia and is heir to the Aryan literary tradition as embodied in the hymns of the Rigveda. [19][20][21] Its location as a major trading hub made it known to both the far East as well as the European continent from as far back as the Anuradhapura period. Since the 1980s, many private radio stations have also been introduced. [156] Sri Lanka's mangrove ecosystem spans over 7,000 hectares and played a vital role in buffering the force of the waves in the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. As of July 2011, the number of registered political parties in the country is 67. [124] The pact proved ineffective in the face of ongoing protests by opposition and the Buddhist clergy. [211] Later the D.R.O.s became "assistant government agents," and the divisions were known as "A.G.A. [223] In the present, Sri Lanka enjoys extensive relations with China,[224] Russia,[225] and Pakistan. Among the trees of the dry-land forests are valuable species such as satinwood, ebony, ironwood, mahogany and teak. Sette persone sono state arrestate. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Sri Lanka became a plantation economy famous for its production and export of cinnamon, rubber, and Ceylon tea, which remains a trademark national export. Those things will help you to find out new experience to your life. [331] Chronicles such as the Mahāvaṃsa, written in the 6th century, provide vivid descriptions of Sri Lankan dynasties. The next three centuries starting from 1215 were marked by kaleidoscopically shifting collections of capitals in south and central Sri Lanka, including Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola, Raigama, Kotte,[85] Sitawaka, and finally, Kandy. In Sri Lanka la Chiesa cattolica è presente con una sede metropolitana e undici diocesi. Sinhalese constitute the largest ethnic group in the country, with 74.8% of the total population. Sri Lanka, la strage dei cristiani: «Sono stati i jihadisti». He was married to a Telugu-speaking Nayakkar princess from South India (Madurai) and was childless by her. [79], After his demise, Sri Lanka gradually decayed in power. giovedì 25 aprile 2019 . [236] From 1948 to 1977, socialism strongly influenced the government's economic policies. Today, it is also a member of the Commonwealth, the SAARC, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, and the Colombo Plan. I cristiani sono oltre il 7 per cento della popolazione. Today, Hinduism is dominant in Northern, Eastern and Central Sri Lanka. [75][76] He built 1,470 reservoirs – the highest number by any ruler in Sri Lanka's history – repaired 165 dams, 3,910 canals, 163 major reservoirs, and 2,376 mini-reservoirs. [22], Sri Lanka's current constitution stipulates it as a republic and unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system. [296] Alleged abuse of a newspaper editor by a senior government minister[297] achieved international notoriety because of the unsolved murder of the editor's predecessor, Lasantha Wickrematunge,[298] who had been a critic of the government and had presaged his own death in a posthumously published article. [319] The Sri Lankan cinematic style is similar to Bollywood movies. Sri Lanka-China relations started as soon as the People's Republic of China was formed in 1949. Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups. [235] The development of modern ports under British rule raised the strategic importance of the island as a centre of trade. [275] Sri Lanka ranks first among southeast Asian countries with respect to commitment of suicide, with 33 deaths per 100,000 persons. Sri Lanka is rated "high" on the Human Development Index (HDI), with its HDI rating and per capita income the highest among South Asian nations. [308], UN Human Rights Commissioner Navanethem Pillay visited Sri Lanka in May 2013. [179] Most provisions of the constitution can be amended by a two-thirds majority in parliament. Under the program Sri Lankan government implemented a new Inland Revenue Act and an automatic fuel pricing formula which were noted by the IMF in its fourth review. Sri Lanka, l'Isis rivendica gli attentati: 359 vittime, governo sotto accusa per le falle nella sicurezza (ansa) Tra i morti anche 45 bambini, più di 500 i feriti. Read More, Sri Lanka is the treasure of island for all tourists. The Sri Lanka national cricket team achieved considerable success beginning in the 1990s, rising from underdog status to winning the 1996 Cricket World Cup. [293] Sri Lanka also has three deep-water ports at Colombo, Galle, and Trincomalee, in addition to the newest port being built at Hambantota. Moors comprise 9.2%. However it was activity from across the Palk Strait that truly set the scene for Hinduism's survival in Sri Lanka. [106] A devastating leaf disease, Hemileia vastatrix, struck the coffee plantations in 1869, destroying the entire industry within fifteen years. According to Christian traditions, the apostle Thomas preached the Gospel in Sri Lanka. The early modern period of Sri Lanka begins with the arrival of Portuguese soldier and explorer Lourenço de Almeida, the son of Francisco de Almeida, in 1505. The armed forces have been in a continuous mobilised state for the last 30 years. NO ONE EVER HAS SEEN GOD; BUT IF WE LOVE ONE ANOTHER, GOD LIVES IN US, AND HIS LOVE IS MADE COMPLETE IN US. [204] Each provincial council is an autonomous body not under the authority of any ministry. Gran parte degli otto attentati sono stati realizzati da una persona ciascuno. [129][130] The assassination of Jaffna Mayor Alfred Duraiyappah in 1975 by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) marked a crisis point. [54] He established the Kingdom of Tambapanni, near modern-day Mannar. [255], Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages. [264], Hinduism is the second most prevalent religion and predates Buddhism. Asian Religions in British Columbia, UBC Press 2011, p. 125. This will help you to plan a wonderful journey. [209] The districts are known in Sinhala as disa and in Tamil as māwaddam. Chinese admiral Zheng He and his naval expeditionary force landed at Galle, Sri Lanka in 1409 and got into battle with the local king Vira Alakesvara of Gampola. [77] His most famous construction is the Parakrama Samudra,[78] the largest irrigation project of medieval Sri Lanka. [237], Sri Lanka has 15 public universities. The majority of the population are from the Sinhalese ethnicity, while a large minority of Tamils have also played an influential role in the island's history. [117] Prominent Tamil leaders including Ponnambalam and Arunachalam Mahadeva joined his cabinet. According to the Mahavamsa, the legendary Prince Vijaya named the land Tambapanni ('copper-red hands' or 'copper-red earth'), because his followers' hands were reddened by the red soil of the area. [25], In antiquity, Sri Lanka was known to travellers by a variety of names. Mean temperatures range from 17 °C (62.6 °F) in the central highlands, where frost may occur for several days in the winter, to a maximum of 33 °C (91.4 °F) in other low-altitude areas. A report by an advisory panel to the UN secretary-general accused both the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government of war crimes during final stages of the civil war. In 1592, after decades of intermittent warfare with the Portuguese, Vimaladharmasuriya I moved his kingdom to the inland city of Kandy, a location he thought more secure from attack. Sri Lanka has approximately 9,675 government schools and 817 private schools and pirivenas. © 2020 All Rights Reserved by Sri Lanka Tourism [70][71] Upon his request, ordained monks were sent from Burma to Sri Lanka to re-establish Buddhism, which had almost disappeared from the country during the Chola reign. Songwriters like Mahagama Sekara and Ananda Samarakoon and musicians such as W. D. Amaradeva, Victor Ratnayake, Nanda Malini and Clarence Wijewardene have contributed much towards the progression of Sri Lankan music. Read More, Sri Lanka has different weather conditions. Because the Pāli Canon was at that time oral literature maintained in several recensions by dhammabhāṇakas (dharma reciters), the surviving monks recognised the danger of not writing it down so that even if some of the monks whose duty it was to study and remember parts of the Canon for later generations died, the teachings would not be lost. [165], Sri Lanka contains four terrestrial ecoregions: Sri Lanka lowland rain forests, Sri Lanka montane rain forests, Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests, and Deccan thorn scrub forests. The Buddhist majority observe Poya Days each month according to the Lunar calendar, and Hindus and Muslims also observe their own holidays. [306], The UN Human Rights Council has documented over 12,000 named individuals who have disappeared after detention by security forces in Sri Lanka, the second highest figure in the world since the Working Group came into being in 1980. In the same year, the group published Out of the Silence, which documents evidence of torture in Sri Lanka and demonstrates that the practice has continued long after the end of the civil war in 2009. The Dutch possessions were then taken by the British, who later extended their control over the whole island, colonising it from 1815 to 1948. [126], Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the widow of Bandaranaike, took office as prime minister in 1960, and withstood an attempted coup d'état in 1962. In 1972, its formal name was changed to "Free, Sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri Lanka". [175], Sinharaja is home to 26 endemic birds and 20 rainforest species, including the elusive red-faced malkoha, the green-billed coucal and the Sri Lanka blue magpie. [299], Officially, the constitution of Sri Lanka guarantees human rights as ratified by the United Nations. [326] The golden age of Sri Lankan drama and theatre began with the staging of Maname, a play written by Ediriweera Sarachchandra in 1956. Ratnayake? [125] Bandaranaike was assassinated by an extremist Buddhist monk in 1959. [237], As of 2010[update], the service sector makes up 60% of GDP, the industrial sector 28%, and the agriculture sector 12%. L’Isis rivendica la strage dei cristiani nello Sri Lanka perpetrata da almeno sette terroristi islamici suicidi che hanno ottemperato a ciò che Allah prescrive nel Corano. [16] It has a rich cultural heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BCE. [311] On 29 July 2020, Human Rights Watch said that the Sri Lanka government has targeted lawyers, human rights defenders, and journalists to suppress criticism against government. Day and night temperatures may vary by 14 °C (25.2 °F) to 18 °C (32.4 °F). E’ uno degli esempi più lampanti del pericolo crescente in Asia del nazionalismo religioso di stampo buddista»). [245] Also, out of the 142 countries surveyed, Sri Lanka ranked 45th in health and primary education, 32nd in business sophistication, 42nd in innovation, and 41st in goods market efficiency.

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